What is Crohn's Disease?
Crohn's disease is a chronic form of IBD (inflammatory bowel disease). With Crohn's disease, certain areas of the digestive system get inflamed and form ulcers. This can result in symptoms such as abdominal pain, constipation, loose stools, lethargy, anemia, and weight loss.
Typically Crohn's disease is present in the rear of the small intestine and the front of the large intestine. But it can manifest anywhere throughout the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the rectum.
When dealing with Crohn's, inflammation can involve different areas of the digestive system depending on the case. If left untreated, inflammation can manifest into the deeper layers of the bowel, worsening one's symptoms. Similar to ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease can be both painful and life threatening. While there's no known cure for Crohn's disease, there are several ways that individuals manage symptoms. Some individuals report success through dietary intervention, while others report success from medication.
What are the types of Crohn's Disease?
Crohn’s disease can affect different areas of the digestive system. Variations of Crohn’s disease include:
(1) Ileocolitis is a form of Crohn’s disease that occurs when inflammation is present in the small intestine and part of the large intestine, or colon. This is the most common type of Crohn’s disease in the United States.
(2) Ileitis is a form of Crohn’s disease when inflammation surrounds the ileum within the small intestine.
(3) Gastroduodenal is a form of Crohn’s disease when inflammation is present around the duodenum, which is at the upper end of the small intestine.
(4) Jejunoileitis is when inflammation is present in the jejunem, which is located near upper half of the small intestine.