What is ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is simply a form of IBD (inflammatory bowel disease). It occurs when the stomach lining of the colon and rectum become irritated and inflamed. Symptoms include the following:
– loose stools/diarrhea
– sharp pain in the abdomen 
– blood in the stool

Severity of the disease highly genetic and dependent on how much of the colon is inflamed. 

Types of Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is often diagnosed according to its positioning within the stomach. Types of ulcerative colitis include:

(1) Ulcerative proctitis is when the inflammation is  present solely in the rectum. Symptoms are rectal bleeding and irritation. 

(2) Proctosigmoiditis is when the inflammation in both the rectum and lower end of the sigmoid colon. e lower end of the colon. Symptoms include bloody stools, abdominal discomfort, and constipation. 

(3) Left-sided colitis is when the inflammation is present in the rectum, lower end of the colon, and the upper end of the colon. Symptoms include bowel urgency, bloody stools, stomach cramps, and sharp abdominal pain. 

(4) Pancolitis is when inflammation is present in the entire colon. Often considered the most severe case of UC, symptoms include cramps, bloody stools, increased  bowel frequency, loose stools, lethargy, and extreme weight loss. 

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